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Hikikomi-gaeshi & Sumi-gaeshi: Are They Different Judo Throws?

Hikikomi-gaeshi & Sumi-gaeshi: What is The Different?

Even knowing that you define a throw as different from another throw by whether it breaks the balance differently from the other throws, there are still throws where it is very hard to see this difference. Hikikomi-gaeshi (below) and Sumi-gaeshi (also Below) are two such throws.

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It is only when paying attention to the position of the hands and not being distracted by the fact that the foot goes into the same position in both throws that you can see how different the kuzushi is in each.

By Troi grabbing the belt or the arm in Hikikomi-gaeshi the balance is broken completely differently from Sumi-gaeshi where Tori lifts both arms and then falls underneath Uke's centre.

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The question then becomes why aren't the two different version of Hikikomi-gaeshi different throws?

It Is The Direction Of The Kuzushi

The only explanation I've been able to find is that in both the over the back grip and the under the arm grip Uke balance is always broken over Tori's right shoulder. Thus emphasizing that it is the direction of the kuzushi that is considered and not the mode.

Hikikomi-gaeshi is not part of the 40 throws Gokyo but is part of the wider 67 throw version of the modern Gokyo.

Either throw is risky in competition as it is Tori's back that hits the mat first and it is always going to be difficult for the referee to tell who threw who.



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