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JUDO Rules: Explained Simply for beginners & Juniors

The Rules of Judo Competition: A Basic Guide

Judo, a dynamic martial art rooted in Japanese tradition, is renowned for its emphasis on skilful throws and ground techniques. Central to the integrity of the sport of Judo is a comprehensive set of rules that govern competitions, ensuring fair play, safety, and adherence to the principles of respect and sportsmanship. In this basic guide, supported by a video below, we give a simple overview for beginners into the intricacies of Judo competition. Exploring forbidden techniques, scoring criteria, and the essential principles that define this martial art's competitive landscape.

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The objective of Judo Competition

In Judo, the primary goal is to throw or takedown the opponent with control and force, aiming for a clean execution.

Forbidden Techniques

Certain techniques are strictly prohibited in Judo competitions, including striking, kicking, and attacking the joints deliberately.

Illegal Grips and Holds

Judokas must adhere to specific rules regarding grips and holds to maintain fairness and prevent potential injuries during matches.

Forbidden Acts in Ne-Waza (Groundwork)

Illegitimate actions, such as using fingers to poke or entangling the opponent's clothing excessively, are strictly forbidden during groundwork.

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Scoring Criteria for Throws

Judges evaluate throws based on execution, force, and control. A well-executed throw that demonstrates mastery scores higher in the competition.

Waza-Ari and Ippon

Scoring includes Waza-Ari (half-point) and Ippon (full-point). Achieving an Ippon secures victory, while accumulating Waza-Aris may also lead to success.

Time Limits and Golden Score

Judo matches have specified time limits. In the event of a tie, the Golden Score rule is applied, prolonging the match until a clear winner emerges.

Penalties and Shido

Penalties, known as Shido, are assigned for rule violations. Accumulating Shidos may result in disqualification or victory for the opponent.

Prohibited Actions for Safety

Certain actions, like intentionally falling to the ground to avoid throws, are against the rules to ensure the safety and integrity of the competition.

Respect and Sportsmanship

Respect for opponents, and officials, and adherence to the principles of sportsmanship are fundamental in Judo competitions, reflecting the essence of the martial art.

Understanding and following these rules not only contribute to a fair and exciting competition but also upholds the spirit of Judo.

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