Goshi or Koshi: Some of Judo The Hip Throws

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O-goshi, Uki-goshi,Tsuri-goshi, Tsurikomi-goshi, Sode tsurikomi-goshi, Koshi-guruma

An interesting little fact that some may not know is that the word Koshi and Goshi are the same word. It seems that it just depended on who transliterated the Judo throws.

Let me start by saying that I think this is one of the better videos (below)of the hip throws it discusses. Having said that there are some things that are worth commenting on.

O-goshi:the explanation is very good and gives a clear picture of the main differences between it and Uki-goshi. I think that some comment on the different placement of the hip and setup is worthwhile.

With O-goshi your hip should move as far as it can to the right of your partners body (assuming you are doing a right hand throw) as you can make it go. Hence blocking your partners free movement and causing him/her to go over your back when the throw is executed.

Uki-goshi:in contrast is a hip glance and therefore by definition your hip is more shallow that with O-goshi. That is your hip is placed in the centre of your partners body. Your partner is thrown by the twisting action as the video says. It should be pointed out however that the twisting action is the main impetus of the throw. So much so that this throw can theoretically be done without the arm that goes around the back. The arm that goes around the back is only there to lock your partner into positions and should Not be used push At All. Instead the locking arm should move as one with the rest of your body in the twist. The power of the throw is in the twist. To use your arm to push destroys the power of the throw.

Oh and please keep both your feet in the centre of you partner for both Uki-goshi and O-goshi. Spread legs significantly decrease the power of the throw.

For the life of me I cannot work out why the video says that you should lean back to enter Uki-goshi. You should always draw you partner to you. Never lean back or your the one who will get thrown.

Tsuri-goshi: It's good to see this throw being demonstrated. It is so often confused with O-goshi or Uki-goshi. As soon as you grab the belt and lift you change the Kasushi (braking of the balance). Throws are considered different if they break the balance in a different way and for that reason this is different from O-goshi and Uki-goshi.

Tsurikomi-goshi, Sode tsurikomi-goshi: I have included extra videos just to show that variety of these throw. I'll just add that the lower you can go with these throw the more effective they can be.

Koshi-guruma: Be careful with this throw if you are new to it. If your hand slips and goes around the neck of you opponent it is instant disqualification and for good reason (broken necks are not fun). I teach all my students to aim to place your hand under your opponents armpit. That way if you miss you have a lot of room before you end up around the neck. This is a great throw as a standard counter to O-Goshi or Uki-goshi.

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